Формирование предпринимательской ориентации в российских фирмах малого и среднего бизнеса: роль институциональной среды

  • Галина Викторовна Широкова Институт «Высшая школа менеджмента» Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, Россия https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3232-1752
  • Любовь Сергеевна Соколова Институт «Высшая школа менеджмента» Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, Россия

Аннотация

В статье рассматривается взаимосвязь воспринимаемых характеристик институциональной среды и уровня предпринимательской ориентации в российских фирмах малого и среднего бизнеса. В результате эмпирического анализа 500 российских малых и средних предприятий было установлено, что восприятие внешней среды как враждебной и динамичной связано со склонностью российских предприятий к инновациям, риску и поддержанию агрессивной позиции на рынке для сохранения конкурентоспособности. Восприятие таких институтов, как уровень защиты прав частной собственности, уровень зависимости бизнеса от личных связей с людьми во власти, соблюдение административных норм и доступность госконтрактов, положительно связано с уровнем предпринимательской ориентации российских малых и средних предприятий, в то время как уровень защиты фирмы контрактным правом отрицательно связан с уровнем предпринимательской ориентации.

Ключевые слова:

предпринимательская ориентация, институциональная среда, малый и средний бизнес

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Литература

ЛИТЕРАТУРА НА РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

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Опубликован
2013-06-27
Как цитировать
Широкова, Г., & Соколова, Л. (2013). Формирование предпринимательской ориентации в российских фирмах малого и среднего бизнеса: роль институциональной среды. Российский журнал менеджмента, 11(2), 25–50. извлечено от https://rjm.spbu.ru/article/view/256
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Новые исследования

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