Обучение предпринимательству и формирование предпринимательских намерений студентов: роль национальной культуры

  • Татьяна Васильевна Беляева Институт «Высшая школа менеджмента» Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, Россия
  • Анастасия Кирилловна Ласковая Институт «Высшая школа менеджмента» Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, Россия
  • Галина Викторовна Широкова Институт «Высшая школа менеджмента» Санкт-Петербургского государственного университета, Россия https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3232-1752

Аннотация

В статье представлена теоретическая и эмпирическая оценка связи между обучением предпринимательству и предпринимательскими намерениями студентов из разных стран, а также анализируется роль национальных культурных характеристик в данной взаимосвязи. Теоретический вклад исследования связан с оценкой роли факторов внешней среды в формировании предпринимательских намерений студентов в кросс-культурном контексте. Эмпирическая проверка теоретической модели исследования проводится на базе данных 84 453 студентов из 28 стран, собранной в рамках международного проекта «Глобальное исследование предпринимательского духа студентов» (GUESSS) в 2013–2014 гг. Для измерения культурных характеристик исследуемых стран применяется теория измерений культур Г. Хофстеде. Результаты исследования показали, что обучение предпринимательству в университете положительно связано с предпринимательскими намерениями студентов. Однако данная связь зависит от контекста национальной культуры и проявляется сильнее в индивидуалистических культурах и слабее — в культурах с высокой степенью дистанции власти или избегания неопределенности.

Ключевые слова:

предпринимательские намерения, обучение предпринимательству, национальная культура, студенческое предпринимательство, «Глобальное исследование предпринимательского духа студентов»

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Литература

ЛИТЕРАТУРА НА РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

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Translation of references in Russian into English

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Опубликован
2016-04-15
Как цитировать
Беляева, Т., Ласковая, А., & Широкова, Г. (2016). Обучение предпринимательству и формирование предпринимательских намерений студентов: роль национальной культуры. Российский журнал менеджмента, 14(1), 59–86. https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu18.2016.103
Раздел
Теоретические и эмпирические исследования

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