Руководитель как трансформационный лидер: роль личностных качеств и управленческих практик

  • Евгения Сергеевна Балабанова Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», Москва, Россия https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2007-1773
  • Вероника Эдуардовна Деминская Национальный исследовательский университет «Высшая школа экономики», Москва, Россия

Аннотация

В настоящее время большое количество исследований в области лидерства посвящено тому влиянию, которое трансформационные лидеры оказывают на установки, поведение и результаты работы подчиненных. Значительно меньшее внимание уделяется тем условиям, при которых подчиненные считают своего руководителя «трансформационным лидером». Авторы пытаются восполнить этот пробел, опираясь на подход изучения лидерства с точки зрения подчиненных (follower-centric approach). В статье анализируется, какие факторы — личностные характеристики подчиненных и руководителей; связанные с работой восприятия и установки; наблюдаемые управленческие практики — оказывают наибольшее влияние на оценку подчиненными своего руководителя как трансформационного лидера. Эмпирический анализ был проведен на основе стандартизированного опроса 112 человек в двух компаниях (в сфере ИТ и производстве). Результаты демонстрируют, что в большей степени склонны считать своих руководителей трансформационными лидерами подчиненные с высокими показателями «уступчивости» (по модели «большой пятерки»). С большей вероятностью окажутся трансформационными лидерами те руководители, которые обеспечивают своим сотрудникам вознаграждение, адекватное результатам их работы, возможности профессионального обучения, прислушиваются к их инициативам и предложениям. Самым сильным предиктором трансформационного лидерства оказался фактор «эффективность и коммуникативные навыки как условие карьерных продвижений в организации».

Ключевые слова:

трансформационное лидерство, изучение лидерства с точки зрения подчиненных, личностные качества, восприятия, управленческие практики

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Литература

ЛИТЕРАТУРА НА РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ

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Опубликован
2017-09-29
Как цитировать
Балабанова, Е., & Деминская, В. (2017). Руководитель как трансформационный лидер: роль личностных качеств и управленческих практик. Российский журнал менеджмента, 15(3), 263–288. https://doi.org/10.21638/11701/spbu18.2017.301
Раздел
Теоретические и эмпирические исследования

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